The History of the Space Exploration

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Since that time, humans have been eagerly observing space. Time was passing and in the latter half of the 20th century, the technology of rockets were developed and  that was powerful and efficient enough to exceed the force of gravity. Passing through many experiments, Space exploration was a reality. 

During 1930 and 1940, Nazi Germany tried and planned to create long-distance rockets as weapons. As a result, London was fired by 200-mile-range V-2 missiles in World War II.

After Ending World War II, the United States of America and the Soviet Union built their missile programs.

In 1957, The first artificial satellite was launched into space by Soviets, It’s named as Sputnik 1. 

After 4 years later(1961) , Russian Lt. Yuri Gagarin was the first human who visited into orbit of Earth.

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U.S.A launched their first satellite in 1958. And the name was Explorer 1. Alan Shepard was the first American who visited into space. Again In 1962, John Glenn flew to orbit Earth as the first American in history.

President John F. Kennedy had an aim and he set it as a national goal in 1961.  It was “Landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth within a decade”. As a result, Astronaut Neil Armstrong reached onto the moon through Six Apollo missions.

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America’s first space station was named as Skylab in 1970. Using satellite communications, the television industries were started to develop in 1980. That technology expanded and people could watch television programs at home through home dish antennas.

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