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Everything You Need to Know About Chocolate

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What is chocolate?

You love chocolate, of course. We all do. Nothing comparable to the velvety, melt-in-your-mouth delicious taste that chocolate offers.

Are you familiar that chocolate grows on trees? In fact, the cocoa ‘beans’ that form the basis of chocolate are seeds from the fruit of the cacao tree that mainly grows near the Equator in tropical areas. Within a pod-like fruit, the seeds form and are coated with a juicy white pulp.

Chocolate is this world’s best & sweetest creation, so we still loved having it in our childhood. Let’s see everything related to the Chocolate.

History of chocolate

History of Chocolate

Chocolate has come a long way from Latin America to the modern day to get to you. Fascinated?

Have you ever heard of where chocolate originally came from?

Let’s see the journey of the wonderful history of the world’s most famous sweet treat,

Since at least 600 BC, chocolate has been present in the new world and at that time was commonly regarded as a spice.

When Cortez arrived in Mexico in 1519, he realized that chocolate was famous as a drink, either sweetened by or maizemeal.

He returned to Europe and was exceedingly popular with the upper classes in the sweetened versions. In the next few years, refining and development were expanding, and the first chocolate bar was invented in 1819 by the Swiss manufacturer. The invention of the cacao in 1828 was followed by cocoa powder shortly afterwards. Thirty years after, milk chocolate bars were made, and the intake of chocolate began in springtime.

How is chocolate made?

This video from Science Channel

Millions of individuals around the world love chocolate. But how many think about how chocolate is produced?

Here is a brief overview of the cocoa making process steps.

  1. Harvesting Cocoa
    The manufacturing of chocolate begins with the harvesting of coca in a forest. Pods from this tree are only harvested until fully ripened for the production of chocolate. Unripened pods produce beans that are rich in cocoa butter and low in sugar.
  2. Fermenting the cocoa seeds
    From the pods, the seeds are separated and pulp once harvested and allowed to start the fermentation process.

    Raw cocoa beans have a flavor that is bitter and unpleasant. This bitterness is transformed by fermentation into the more complicated precursor of the classic taste of cocoa we are familiar with.
  3. Roasting
    After drying and fermentation, all sticks and stones and other debris are thoroughly washed and removed. Usually, cacao beans are roast by using a dry roast process that is continuously agitated to ensure even heating.
  4. Processing
    The hull is removed and the internal nib extracted after roasting. Then the nibs are ground into a fine powder, containing cocoa and cocoa butter. Typically, the cocoa butter liquids the frictional heat during nib grinding. This liquefied form of spray cocoa nibs is called cocoa liquor. Then cacao liquor is poured into molds, cooled and then sold in those blocks and brought in. These blocks are defined as a baker or non-sweetened chocolate. Conversely, cocoa powder, and cocoa butter could be divided into two items.
  5. Blending
    Cocoa liquor, cocoa powder, chocolate baking, cacao butter and other ingredients can be mixed to make an unlimited number of cocoa items.

    Cocoa liquor is mixed with extra cocoa butter for smoothness and mouth-feeling, sugar, milk and occasionally vanilla, emulators and stabilizing to make chocolate candies we are all familiar with.

    A variable degree of milk or dark chocolate can be created by sugar and milk ratio. The particular balance between ingredients produces signature recipes that are often closely guarded by specialist brands.

Top 3 type of chocolates in the world

Top 3 type of chocolates in the world

The amounts of the different ingredients create different types and flavours of chocolate. Let’s see what they are,

  1. Milk Chocolate
    The best-known type of chocolate maybe milk chocolate. It includes just 10-40% cacao mixed with sugar and milk (either milk solid or condensed milk).
    Milk chocolate seems to be much sweeter than bittersweet chocolate or dark, and its colour is lighter, and its chocolate tastes less pronounced.
  2. Dark Chocolate
    Dark chocolate comprises the sugar, chocolate liquor, and cocoa butter. There is no milk solid in dark chocolate. The quantity of cocoa in dark chocolate bars ranged from 30% to 80%.
  3. White Chocolate
    It is produced from milk, sugar and cocoa, and cocoa solids are omitted. This is pale ivory and lacks much of the milk and dark chocolate compounds.

Top 5 benefits of chocolates

Top 5 Benefits of chocolates

The top 5 benefits of chocolate are here:

  1. It makes reduce the risk of heart disease.
    The risk of cardio-diseases by one-third is believed to be decreased with chocolates. Chocolate primarily helps to lower blood clots leading to cardiac attacks.
  2. It helps to strengthen the brain health.
    A large number of nutritional components will cross the blood-brain barrier in cacao. Neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory flavonoids and resveratrol are essential to minimize inflammation in the central nervous system. Those can be taken from eating chocolate.
  3. It helps to control blood pressure.
    Many controlled trials indicate although the effect is generally mild, that cocoa and chocolate can increase blood flow and decrease blood pressure. Even so, one research has shown no effect in people with high blood pressure, so take all of this with a salt grain.
  4. Chocolate calms coughs.
    The chocolate also includes theobromine, a chemical that has demonstrated that coughing is prevented by acting on the vagus nerve that carries signals from the central nervous system into the brain.
  5. It helps to protect you from arteries.
    Chocolate flavonoids also help avoid the furrowing of arteries, which prevents the oxidation of LDL (doubted bad) cholesterol.
Top 3 Most popular chocolate brands
  1. Ferrero Rocher
    Ferrero Rocher was perhaps the most popular chocolate maker in the world. The balls are made up of whole roasted hazelnuts coated with high-quality milk chocolates in a thin wafer coating and topped with sliced hazelnuts.
  2. Kit Kat
    Kit Kat is a crunchy, mostly four-size chocolate cookie. These four wafers are attached in one box. They are covered with chocolate. This red chocolate wafer bar pack teaches us sharing is caring.
  3. Mars
    Without including Mars, you can’t mention famous chocolate brands.
    It certainly includes a mix of chocolate, caramel, nougat, or other ingredients to which you can’t say no to eat.

Summary

Chocolates

Chocolate is a sweet treat that people all over the world love.

Chocolate is among the few foods that, while having essential health benefits. There is substantial evidence that cocoa, incredibly protective against heart disease, can provide powerful health benefits. This doesn’t mean that you can go all out and eat lots of chocolate each day. It also has lots of calories, and it is easy to overeat. Be conscious of the fact that a lot of the chocolate on the market is not healthy. Generally, dark chocolates include some sugar, but the quantities are typically small and the darker the chocolate, so less sugar it will include.

Stay tuned on ReadWires to find out more exciting stuff. Don’t forget to check out our previous articles and Subscribe to our newsletter.

Matthew Schofield

Matthew Schofield has more than 10 year experience in e-commerce, Technical SEO and Digital Marketing Strategies. Apart from his professional area, he has an ideal knowledge and is interested in research and writes articles in science, technology and entertainment fields.

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